This Day in Geek History: July 10
The Victor Talking Machine Company registers its “His Master’s Voice” trademark, which will come to be one of the best known corporate logos in history, with the U.S. Patent Office. The logo shows a dog (Nipper) listening to a wind-up gramophone. The logo will later be used by the RCA Victor company as well.
Kamerlingh Onnes liquefies helium for the first time, at a temperature of 4.2K, or about -269ºC, producing about sixty cubic centimeters of liquid helium. The gas is liquefied by compressing it, cooling it below the inversion temperature and then allowing it to expand, which causes further cooling resulting in the liquefaction of some of the gas. In 1913, Onnes will receive the Nobel Prize for his work.
In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called “Scopes monkey trial” begins. John T. Scopes, a high school science teacher, is prosecuted for teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution in violation of the Butler Act. Scopes, who was defended by the American Civil Liberties Union, had been recruited by local town leaders who wished to draw national publicity to their small town by challenging the constitutionality of the new law, which had been passed March 21, 1925. After a twelve day trial, Scopes will be convicted and fined a hundred dollars. The the state supreme court will uphold the constitutionality of the law, but it will also ultimately acquit Scopes on the technicality that he had been excessively fined. On May 17, 1967, the law will be repealed.
Eastchester Township in New York becomes the first Police station in the U.S. to use a radio system.
Howard Hughes sets a world record by flying around the world in an airplane in ninety-one hours.
The first practical rectangular television picture tube is released in Toledo, Ohio. The tube measures 12 by 16 inches. Price: US$12
At 08:35 GMT, NASA launches the Telstar I communications satellite, built by AT&T Bell Laboratories, from Cape Canaveral, Florida. Telstar, the first orbiting international communications satellite, marks the beginning of a new age of trans-Atlantic communication in which telephone and television signals can be transmitted between Europe and America. The break through technology is greeted with great enthusiasm by the public, but interest will wane when consumers realize that calls placed through the satellite suffer from a half second delay. A song commemorating the event titled “Telstar” by the English surf-rock group The Tornados will be released August 17, 1962, and it will top sales charts for three weeks in November.
The day after the release of the science fiction film Tron, Disney stock falls 2.5 points. Prior to the film’s release, Disney stock dropped 4% in active New York Stock Exchange trading after several Wall Street analysts attended a screening and were largely unimpressed with what they saw.
Bally Manufacturing agrees in principle to sell its coin-operated amusement game manufacturing business to Williams Industries for US$8 million.
In San Francisco, Intel publicly demonstrates the first EISA 82350 chip set, which is scheduled to go into production by September.
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