This Day in Geek History: July 14
James Harrison of Australia publicly demonstrates the process of making ice by refrigeration for the first time in history.
John T. Smith of Brooklyn, NY receives a patent for the first corkboard. (US No. 456,068) The first boards will be manufactured in 1894 by Stone and Duryea of Brooklyn.
Dr. Robert H. Goddard of Worcester, Massachusetts receives a patent on the first liquid-fueled rocket, one using a mixture of liquid nitrous oxide and gasoline. (U.S. No. 1,103,503) He will use the fuel to successfully launch the world’s first liquid-fueled rocket on March 16, 1926. It will achieve a height of 12.5 meters. Read more about Goddard at the Time magazine website.
The Soviet spacecraft Vostok 5 is launched into orbit. Over the course of the next five days, Cosmonaut Valery Bykovsky will set a new record for the longest manned space flight in history. The record will later be broken by the crew of Gemini 7, but Bykovsky will continue to hold the endurance record for a solo flight.
The NASA Mariner 4 performs the first successful flyby of Mars, becoming the first spacecraft to return photographs of another planet from deep space. The photos reveal that the planet’s surface is cratered.
The first version (0.1) of the free BSD Unix operating system 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz for Intel 80386 processors, marking the beginning of the Open Source Operating System Revolution. The system features several innovations, including its modular kernel design, ring buffers, role-based security, and self-ordered configuration. Visit the official 386BSD website.
Microsoft designates the source code of the Windows 95 operating system “golden,” signifying that no further changes will be made to the system’s fifteen million lines of code before the product ships.
Researchers at Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits (IIS) unanimously select “.MP3” as the file extension for their new digital audio encoding technology in a vote. During testing, the team had used the “.bit” extention. Soon after the vote, MP3 will became the generally accepted acronym for the ISO standard “MPEG Audio Layer 3.”
Warner Bros. releases the action film Under Siege 2: Dark Territory, directed by Geoff Murphy and starring Steven Seagal, Eric Bogosian, Katherine Heigl and Morris Chestnut, to 2,150 U.S. theaters. In the film a programmer formerly employed by the U.S. military and a group of mercenaries hijack a train to serve as a platform from which to hijack a top secret satellite capable of triggering earthquakes from orbit. Produced on a budget of US$60 million, it will gross US$12,624,402 domestically in its opening weekend. IMDB listing (MPAA Rating: R) Running Time: 1 hr 40 mins
Version 2.1.5 of the FreeBSD operating system is released.
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