This Day in Geek History: July 18
According to some later historical accounts, Thomas Edison records the human voice for the first time, shouting “Haloo” into a mouthpiece.
Atomic energy is sold commercially for the first time in history.
Dr. E. Stanley Crawford of the Baylor University College of Medicine makes the first implantation of an intrathoracic left artificial ventricle in a human being.
Andy Grove, Gordon Moore, and Robert Noyce found microprocessor manufacturer N M Electronics (Noyce and Moore) in Santa Clara, California. The company’s name will soon be changed to Intel, an amalgam of the words “integrated” and “electronics.” Prior to the company’s founding, the price of magnetic core memory had been steadily declining, but Grove, Moore, and Noyce, believed that semiconductor computer memory could offer much more capacity, therefore leading to cheaper memory. In 1971, Intel will release its first microprocessor, the 4004 for a calculators.
The first Indian satellite, Rohini 1B, is launched into orbit by the Indian Space Research Organisation in the state of Andhra Pradesh. With the launch, India becomes the eighth country in the world to have successfully placed a satellite into orbit.
“BIOC Agent 003″ publishes a document entitled “The Course in Basic Telecommunications Part I” to popular bulletin board systems (BBS). The document will become one of the most successful phreak documents of the golden age of BBS systems.
The United States Department of Commerce announce plans to permit the export computers with data processing rates over 6.5 million bits per second to the Soviet Union and the Eastern-bloc.
The airlock hatch of the Soviet space station Mir is damaged when it was pushed back on its hinges by residual air escaping as it was being opened. Cosmonauts Anatoly Solovyov and Aleksandr Balandin are forced to remain behind an interior airlock in a separate part of the station for eight days before they could make repairs on their next spacewalk, July 26th.
Version 0.99.11 of the Linux operating system is released.
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