This Day in Geek History: July 26
The first book written in Esperanto, the international language invented by Ludwig Zamenhof, is published.
The USSR launches the first intercontinental multistage ballistic missile. The technological advances that make this feat responsible will lend the USSR the initial advantage in the coming space race.
The United States Army launches Explorer IV, the fourth successful U.S. satellite.
The Japanese film Alakazam the Great, based on the manga by Osamu Tezuka, becomes one of the first anime films ever to be released in the United States. IMDB listing
Scientists first examine the forty-six pounds of rocks retrieved by Apollo 11 astronauts from the Moon in sample return containers (SRCs). The first “rock box” is opened in the Vacuum Laboratory of the Manned Spacecraft Center’s Lunar Receiving Laboratory, Building 37, at 3:55pm.
NASA launches the Apollo 15. It is the ninth manned space mission of the Apollo program and the fourth to land on the Moon. The crew of the Apollo 15 remain on the lunar surface for a longer period than previous missions in order to focus more intensely on scientific research. It is the first mission to be equipped with a Lunar Rover.
Just two weeks before the IBM PC and the new DOS will be officially introduced, Microsoft decides to tie up any loose ends by purchasing 86-DOS outright from Seattle Computer Products (SCP) for US$50,000, to have full ownership. SCP stipulates that it will retain a perpetual royalty-free license to the operating system, which it will rename MS-DOS, for its own use. This license will later result in a legal battle that will be settled in 1986 with Microsoft paying SCP another US$975,000 to purchase back the license, meaning that, all told, Microsoft will pay just over one million dollars total for full ownership of MS-DOS. By June of 1986, Microsoft will attribute half of its US$61 million annual revenue to MS-DOS licensing.
Robert Morris becomes the first person to be indicted under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 for allegedly creating and releasing the first computer worm ever to be released. He will be convicted and sentenced to three years of probation, four hundred hours of community service, and a fine of US$10,000. Read more about the Judgment in U.S. v. Robert Tappan Morris.