This Day in Geek History: June 3
Alexander Graham Bell first transmits speech using the magnetic microphone of his “harmonic telegraph.” The experiment will later lead to the creation of the telephone.
Alexander Graham Bell transmits the first wireless telephone message using his Photophone, which operates by translating the vibration of light reflected from mirrors rather than electrical signals into sound.
Construction of the first long-distance electric power transmission line in the United States is completed. The line runs fourteen miles from a hydroelectric generator at Willamette Falls to Portland, Oregon. Read more at Wired.
Thomas Edison received a patent for a “Reversible Galvanic Battery.” (US No. 701,804)
The daily comic strip Invisible Scarlet O’Neil, written and drawn by Russel Stamm, debuts in the Chicago Times. The strip follows the adventures of Scarlet O’Neil, one of the first female heroes, who has the ability to make herself invisible by pressing a nerve in her left wrist. Scarlet, a plainclothes superhero who never wears a costume, uses her ability to help strangers and assist the police with apprehending dangerous criminals. The strip will run until 1956. Visit Russell Stamm’s Invisible Scarlet O’Neil official site
Edward Brown, Jr. opens the first movie theaters for cars and small planes, Ed Brown’s Drive-In and Fly-In, in Asbury Park, New Jersey. The theater has a capacity for five hundred cars and twenty-five planes, which could land in the airfield next to the drive-in.
The largest telescope in the world, Hale telescope, is dedicated at the Mount Palomar Observatory in San Diego County, California. It is the first telescope in the world to be equipped with a twenty ton, two hundred inch (5.08m) lens, which had to be slowly cooled over eleven months after it was cast before being ground and polished for another eleven years. Read more about the Hale telescope at Caltech.
NASA launches the Gemini 4 on the first multi-day mission for an American crew. During the mission, Major Edward H. White conducts the first U.S. spacewalk, floating free outside the space capsule for twenty-one minutes at an altitude of 120 miles. During the spacewalk, White remains on a twenty-five foot tether and airline cord and uses a 7.5lb jet propulsion gun to maneuver.
Lawrence Roberts delivers the official plan outlining the benefits of building the network that will become ARPANET to Robert Taylor, the new director of Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) at Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). Oral history interview with Lawrence G. Roberts.
The Star Trek episode “Turnabout Intruder” first airs. (No. 69) In it, Kirk’s consciousness becomes trapped in the body of a woman bent on killing him and taking over his command while she inhabits his body. It is the final episode of the series, which was canceled by NBC after seventy-nine episodes and three seasons. The show premiered on September 8, 1966. Visit the series official website. Memory Alpha entry