This Day in Geek History: May 30
The first daily paper in the U.S., The Pennsylvania Evening Post, is first published by Benjamin Towne in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Thomas Edison is granted three patents for “an Improvement in Duplex Telegraphs” which allows a transmitted signal be sent over the same wire as incoming signals. (US No. 178,221, -2, -3)
The first documented auto accident in history occurs in New York City when a Duryea Motor Wagon, driven by Henry Wells of Springfield, Massachusetts collides with a bicycle ridden by New York native Evylyn Thomas.
English chemist Morris William Travers discovers the element Krypton. He names the element after the Greek word meaning “hidden.”
The first experimental hovercraft, the Saunders-Roe Nautical One (SR-N1), embarks on its maiden voyage from Cowes on the Isle of Wight. The hovercraft was designed by Sir Christopher Cockerell and built by Saunders-Roe.
NASA launches the Surveyor 1 lunar lander on a mission to the Moon. Its successful soft landing in the Ocean of Storms will be the first ever by the U.S. on an extraterrestrial body, and it will come just four months after the landing of the Soviet Luna 9 mission.
NASA launches the Mariner 9 space probe on a mission to map seventy percent of the surface of Mars and to study temporal changes in its atmosphere. On November 13, the probe will reach Mars, becoming the first artificial satellite of Mars, beating out the Soviet probes Mars 2 and Mars 3 by only days. Visit the official Mariner 9 website.
The European Space Agency (ESA) is established as an intergovernmental organization dedicated to the exploration of space by eighteen member states, including France, Germany, Italy, and the U.K. Visit the official European Space Agency website.
Video game publisher Capcom is founded as Japan Capsule Computers. The company will be best known for its Street Fighter and Mega Man franchises. By 2008, Capcom will be one of the fifty largest software companies in the world. Visit the official Capcom website.
North American Philips Company introduces the compact disc video (CD-V) format. The CD-V discs use the same full motion video system as the earlier LaserVision technology but with higher picture quality and additional space for CD digital audio. They will be marketed as “CD’s with pictures,” and most titles released on the format will be music rather than movies. Despite the superior audio and video quality of the format, it will never be commercially successful, largely because its discs require a special CD-V drive. Read a Patent History Video CD Disc.
Sony announces its MiniDisc (MD) recordable magneto-optical disc-based data storage format. The discs will go on sale in 1992.
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